ROTTERDAM - In the new Bergpolder district, the first residents of the first workers' flat have moved into their new home today. The flat is a completely new phenomenon in the Netherlands. The building counts 72 homes spread over nine floors. Residents can reach their apartment through a gallery, unprecedented in the Netherlands so far.

The building at the Doctor de Visserstraat is recent delivered. It has a steel skeleton and towers above the rest of the neighborhood. It is a design by architect Willem van Tijen, Johannes Brinkman and Leen van der Vlugt in the style "The New Building".

The building is 27 metre high, 50 meters long and 8 meters deep. Behind the building is a green strip of more than thirty meters wide.

What does the building look like?

At the time of writing, half of the homes are rented out. The apartments all have an area of 48 square meter. In addition to a living room (3,8 m at 3,5 m) there is a bedroom, which by one sliding wall in the living room can be drawn. In addition, there is also one separate room for a maximum of two children. Storage is sufficient present.

Bergpolderflat – Foto: Stadsarchief Rotterdam

The building also has an elevator, central heating and a landfill installation. Rails have even been installed on the ground floor, so that waste containers can be easily emptied by the municipal cleaning service. Also knows the property a concierge.

“The concierge is of course a man of weight in this building, he's the pocket-sized Mussolini, die, especially in the beginning, if the residents have not yet settled in, in a hundred and one minor issues, for which the occupancy regulation does not provide, will have to make the decision ”

(Provincial Courant Zwolle - 05-05-1934)

There are still plans to furnish the roof as children's playground.

The property is intended for working-class families with no more than two children. The rental prices are between 26 en 31 guilders per month. Central heating costs again during the winter months 6 gulden.

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Criticism

Yet there is already criticism of the houses, with 48 square meters are on the small side, writes Het Vaderland.

“They are generally small, so that a selection should already take place, since these dwellings are not suitable for workers with somewhat large families. The present-day inhabitants can therefore be classified under the intellectual part of the workers. ”

(The Fatherland, 22-05-1934)

The houses are also not suitable for typical furnishings At this time. The model home is therefore "very modern" furnished, so that "one is in the rooms of modest size have the most accessible living comfort ", writes Het Vaderland.

The municipality of Rotterdam did not take any chances in the realization of this trial. A seven-storey flat had previously been built on Parklaan.

The building will be officially opened next month. The it is then expected that all homes will be let.


Hoe ging het verder?

Op 18 juni 1934 the Bergpolderflat was officially opened. Which was done by Minister Slotemaker de Bruïne and under the watchful eye of mayor Droogleever Fortuyn.

The minister was very pleased with the "flat" phenomenon and saw it as a solution to the problem of unaffordable housing.

All houses were already rented out at that time.

The Bergpolderflat became an example for the rest of the country. In the 1980s the building became a municipal monument. Later the building also became a national monument. In 1996 the building was renovated by order of housing corporation Vestia.

Sources:

The Fatherland – 22-05-1934 – Model home Metz and Co

Provincial Overijsselsche and Zwolsche Courant – 05-05-1934 – A remarkable trial in the housing sector

The Telegraph – 19-06-1934 – Residential building in Rotterdam taken into use

Het Vrije Volk – 23-02-1985 – Bergpolderflat becomes a monument

Wikipedia – Bergpolderflat

Author: Dave Datema

published: 19-10-2019

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