Van een onzer verslaggevers

KEDICHEM – Linkse activisten hebben in Kedichem, in Leerdam, a fire in a hotel. Daar was op dat moment een bijeenkomst aan de gang met leden van de rechtse groeperingen Centrumpartij (CP) en Centrumdemocraten (CD). Een vrouw die door een raam uit het brandende gebouw probeerde te vluchten raakte zwaargewond.

De actievoerders hadden het specifiek gemunt op de mensen in hotel Cosmopolite. Ze gooiden de ruiten in en wierpen rookbommen naar binnen. Mogelijk zijn ook fosforbommen gebruikt.

Niet meer dan twee agenten waren ingezet om de orde te handhaven tijdens de vergadering van de Centrumpartij en de Centrumdemocraten. Zij zagen over de dijk zo’n 200 antifascisten aan komen. De politiemensen gingen snel het hotel binnen met de mededeling ‘dat ze niet in de mogelijkheid waren om de mensen in het hotel te beschermen’. Wel hadden ze versterking opgeroepen.

Hans Janmaat. Photographer: Rob Croes, National Archives / Anefo. License: Public Domain

Nog geen paar tellen later vlogen de eerste bommen naar binnen en ontstond er brand. Some of those present went out through the downturn. Hans Janmaat, MP and former member of the Center Party, fled with a few others to an upper floor. They quickly saw smoke coming through the floor.

"Out the window we saw the flames and all our people who fled out five meters lower. Within three minutes it was all on fire, The staircase also. We tied sheets together. I climbed along them out first, to see if it was. The sheets were too short, I had to jump. Na mij kwam mijn secretaresse. Maar zij slingerde aan die lakens dwars door een grote ruit en smakte op de grond. Ze bloedde vreselijk.” (Janmaat, Het Vrije Volk, 01-04-1986)

De vrouw is overgebracht naar het ziekenhuis. Artsen hebben haar been moeten amputeren.

Nog voor de politie arriveerde vlogen de stenen door de lucht, sloegen de vlammen uit het dak van het hotel en gingen mensen met elkaar op de vuist. Ook omwonenden, geheel verrast door hetgeen er plots in hun rustige dorpje afspeelde, bewapenen zich met stoelpoten. The two agents had to calm things, went off, booed by anti-fascists and residents who felt they were abandoned.

Further along the embankment barred a farmer with a milk wagon road, so that the activists could not get more off. If the police were coming back 72 people arrested.

CP meeting

The meeting went in Hotel Cosmopolite aimed to back to form a united front to the right parties in the Netherlands. The CP has met the threshold in just a few cities, but the Center Democrats not.

In recent years, there were many conflicts within the Center Party. After the conflict Hans Janmaat was disbarred. He started when the Center Democrats and took many employees and voters with.

According to the CP councilor Wim Vreeswijk both parties better off if they go on together, certainly with the parliamentary elections at the door, in May. Therefore he arranged Cosmopolite Easter weekend a day earlier would open.

Informed

The municipality of Leerdam was aware of the meeting in Kedichem. Late last year there was an interim council election, After merging with Leerdam Kedichem and Schoonrewoerd.

In those elections did the 80-year-old Simon Jump on behalf of the Center Party to win a seat. Since then, regular coaching sessions "in Leerdam of the party with the brand new councilor.

When a meeting of the CP was announced by the municipality, the board did assume that the weather so get some coaching time.

secret meeting

In recent weeks buzzed all the rumors about the merger of the CP and CD. That was antifascists something absolutely had to be avoided, just before the parliamentary elections.

Wednesday arrived in Amsterdam people from the squat movement together. What is still unclear, but one of those present knew would take place the reconciliation meeting on Saturday.

De antifascisten gaven een landelijk alarm, waarbij alle mogelijke actievoerders werden opgeroepen om zaterdag zich te verzamelen bij Stadion Galgenwaard in Utrecht.

Zo’n tweehonderd actievoerders gaven zaterdagmiddag gehoor aan de oproep. Vanuit Amsterdam kwamen ongeveer vijftien gehuurde busjes. Die vertrokken om ongeveer tien voor drie richting Leerdam. Daar werd verzameld bij het station.

Het na ongeregeldheden na Centrumpartij-vergadering geheel uitgebrande hotel in Kedichem. Photographer: Unknown, National Archives / Anefo. License: Public Domain

Opgeëist

A few hours after the events in Kedichem demanded two action groups the attack on. They spoke of a "successful action". It was about 'the activists 29 maart' and the 'radical anti-fascists’.

"That fire was not supposed. But I stand fully behind the action. My parents have been in the resistance. Fascists can only eradicate. It's a shame that they have been given a semblance of legitimacy because parliamentary democracy permits. Racists have no place in this society. " (anonymous campaigner, TVNZ, 01-04-1986)

Pity the hotelier is not, as the campaigner continues. The woman who lost her leg, According to the woman on the phone pathetic, because it is the secretary of Janmaat. "An innocent boy as Kerwin Duijnmeijer was murdered in Amsterdam. Omdat'ie was black. I think that's terrible", the answer.

Onderzoek

Police said most of the detainees are from Rotterdam and Amsterdam. Much clarity is there not, because most defendants refuse to say anything. Ook weigeren ze hun naam te geven.


 

Hoe ging het verder

Als het doel was om de CP en de CD pijn te doen, dan was de actie geslaagd. Partijsecretaris Mart Giessen merkt later op dat ‘er zo’n geur van geweld om de partij hangt, dat gewone mensen geen lid meer durven te worden’.

De secretaresse van Janmaat, Wil Schuurman, trouwt uiteindelijk met Janmaat. Ze zit na Kedichem wel de rest van haar leven in een rolstoel.

Janmaat laat twee dagen later weten dat hij de politiek vaarwel zegt. De gebeurtenissen in Kedichem hadden hem enorm geschokt. It also appears that address and other details of party members in the hands of leftists came. A few months later get Simon Jump from Leerdamse board, for health reasons. He leaves the party.

Janmaat returns three years later as a one-man party (CD) in the House. In 1994 He even gets three seats. After another internal quarrels remains in 1998 no seat more about.

To punish

Van de 72 activists were 6 yet released the same day. They had nothing to do with the riots and each receive a compensation of 200 guilders per day they were in the cell. That comes down to 800 guilders per person. get a press photographer 1600 gulden.

Against six activists demanded a prison sentence of six months in jail (three of which are conditionally). Five of them (the other was later arrested) refuse to appear in court, because they feel "criminalized scapegoats'’ in 'such a comedy in which the state fascists holds the hand above the head'.

They are sentenced in absentia to six months (three of which are conditionally) for public violence. There is no one condemned to arson, because not find out who is exactly is responsible for it.

Attack

The protesters had exactly by what was the meeting, is not clear. There are stories that a few anti-fascists have followed a visitor from Amsterdam. Others say that infiltrated a leftist activists were in the intelligence.

Ten years later the events in Kedichem 'commemorated'. That meeting in Leerdam, because the mayor does not want to do that again so many people in Kedichem.

The rally of supporters of CD and CP'86, the successor of the Center Party, takes an hour. Afterwards, there arises a fight between demonstrators and against demonstrators. In addition, some right-wing supporters are driven into a ditch.

 

 

 

 

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