DEN HAAG – Voor de eerste keer in de Nederlandse geschiedenis is er sprake geweest van fysiek geweld in de politiek. Na afloop van de eerste vergadering van de senaat in de nieuwe samenstelling heeft VVD-senator Jan Baas zijn kersverse collega Hendrik Adams (Peasant Party) een blauw oog geslagen. Baas had even daarvoor, tijdens de vergadering van de senaat, een boekje open gedaan over het NSB-verleden van Adams.

Het ongekende fenomeen gebeurde in de koffiekamer van de senaat. Na afloop van de vergadering stormde Adams op Baas af. Daarbij schold hij de VVD’er uit voor ‘proleet’ en ‘aartsleugenaar’. Baas reageerde direct met een vuistslag in het gezicht van Adams.

“With a quick movement - like a Cassius Clay - he slapped the new Peasant Party MP hard in the face., so powerful that ir. Adams was slightly injured and was also left on the battlefield in the coffee room. ”

(Telegraph, 21-09-1966)

“With a bloodshot eye and wailing loudly about the treatment, that he had undergone in the meeting, Adams finally left the battlefield, while Baas alerted the police ”

(Het Vrije Volk, 21-09-1966)

Adams also went to the police shortly afterwards to report it.

VVD member Jan Baas speaking, Henry Adams listening. photographer unknown. National Archives / Anefo

Deportation

The blow was dealt after a meeting in which Baas told about his personal experiences about Adams' war past.

During the Second World War, both gentlemen were teachers at the National Agricultural Winter School in Emmen. In that class, Adams would not have hidden his German sympathies.

“At a time that brought so much suffering to our country and the world, Mr. Adams stood in his political beliefs alongside Nazi Germany. He even worked for a connection. He was willing to betray land and people. ”

(and. Jan Baas during the senate meeting, Trouw, 21-09-1966)

The situation escalated in 1944. Adams had asked if he could question his students in the public final lesson about poultry. Other teachers blocked that request, because they were afraid of a pro-German demonstration from Adams. That decision led to a fierce argument between Adams and Baas. Adams bit his colleague: "I will make sure that you are deported as soon as possible".

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Do not forgive

After World War II, Adams was sentenced to prison. He also hit 1957 lost his right to vote. During the Senate meeting, Baas shared his fear of the fallout from Adams's senatorship. “If I had that conviction that Mr. Adams understood that he was wrong there would be the possibility for me to forgive him. That he is now going to act again as a representative of a political party, deeply troubles me ”, Boss told the Senate.

Baas's statements created a confused atmosphere in the senate. Adams was willing to respond to Baas's claims, which, according to the Peasant Party member, are "grandiose falsehoods.", but because of his inexperience he did not know how to attract the attention of Senate President Professor Mazure.

The chairman was already closing the meeting when he received a handwritten note from Adams. Then it was already too late, Mazure said. According to Mazure, Adams had been given multiple opportunities to respond. That will now happen in two weeks at the next senate meeting.

Denial

Adams strongly denies that he has threatened deportation. Boss says he has several witnesses who can confirm his story.

Peasant party leader Koekoek denies that the new party leader in the senate has been a member of a German organization. Gossip and backlash would have caused Adams to end up in a camp. "Then they had to convict him because otherwise they would have had to pay compensation", said Boer Koekoek in the Algemeen Dagblad. “Everything is untrue what Baas claims about him. He hasn't hurt anyone yet. ”


Hoe ging het verder?

After "the blow," the cesspool opened. An old colleague of Baas (who had therefore also worked with Adams in Emmen as a teacher) endorsed the whole story.

Later, a letter sent in from Adams also appears in De Misthoorn, an anti-Semitic magazine. “What an abuse the Jews were able to make of us, honest Dutch, who approached them without suspicion and in any case did not intrude on their cunning and inferior character qualities. ” He also uses the terms "jew poison". A few weeks later, another article by Adams appears in the magazine.

Boer Koekoek says the statement and the letters sent in are not yet evidence of Adams's conviction. He remains behind his group leader in the senate.

The Peasants Party has two senate seats. Andere senator, Aart Pike, announces a week after the revelation that he will publicly distance himself from Adams. Rotterdammer Snoek has been in the resistance himself.

After that, local departments will also get involved. The farmers' party in Rijswijk demands that Adams resign and that there is a "purge of the party". Soon also Voorburg follow, Haarlem and Nijmegen.

Mr.. Hendrik Adams and Boer Koekoek leave the battlefield by car after Adams's statement on 4 oktober. Photographer Unknown. National Archives / Anefo

Some members of the Peasant Party hit afterwards (figuratively) wild around him. Suspicions are made towards the popular former mayor of Rotterdam, professor Oud. This could be seen in photos with the German Reich Commissioner Seys-Inquart. There was no other way, Oud said, because as mayor of Rotterdam during the war he was forced to maintain contact with the occupier.

The investigation into "the blow" has no legal consequences, much to the anger of Farmer Leader Koekoek. “This once again proves that in certain cases there is no longer any law in the Netherlands. If Mr. Adams had been hit on the temple it would have cost him his life. ”

The fact that Baas was a member of the VVD would have played an important role in the dismissal of the case, Cuckoo announced.

When Adams speaks himself two weeks later, there is really no one in the senate who wants him in their midst. Senator Snoek sets up the party board (and with that party leader Koekoek) an ultimatum: either he or Adams.

Mr.. Hendrik Adams leaves the Senate with his bag in front of his face. Photographer Unknown. National Archives / Anefo

In the statement, Adams does not address the charges against him. This ensures that Senate President Mazure eventually takes the floor from him. A week later, Adams withdraws from the Senate.

In the meantime, an "Emergency Council" had been set up within the Farmers' Party, who had to restore order in the party. That failed and the "emergency council" separated from the rest of the party.

In the elections 1967 (during the entire Adams affair, the Biesheuvel cabinet also fell) the Lower House faction of the Peasant Party went from four to seven seats (4,77% of votes). That was actually quite disappointing, because the party in the elections for the Provincial Council came out on 6,7% of votes. The Emergency Council was just a few votes short for a seat.

In the years that followed, there were numerous internal conflicts within the Peasant Party. After the election of 1971 the party had only one seat left. After that there was a revival of the party, maar in 1981 the Farmer's Party disappeared permanently from The Hague.

Jan Baas died in 2012 at the age of 94. Adams died in 1980.

Sources:

Het Vrije Volk – 21-09-1966 – VVD slams the eye of Boeren senator

The Telegraph – 21-09-1966 – Senators clashed in parliament building

Trouw – 21-09-1966 – Riot in the Senate

Algemeen Dagblad – 21-09-1966 – Felle rel in Senate

Het Vrije Volk – 22-09-1966 – No regrets

Het Parool – 22-09-1966 – Boss has to prove Adams wrong, says Farmer Koekoek

Tubantia – 22-09-1966 – Boerensenator distances himself from Adams

Leeuwarder Courant – 23-09-1966 – Member of Parliament Pike (BP): We want to see evidence

Het Vrije Volk – 29-09-1966 – Chamber president wants investigation into Adams case

Het Vrije Volk – 07-07-1966 – Senator Boeren files a complaint against the NRC

Author: Dave Datema

published: 01-10-2020

story number: 151

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