THE HAGUE - The inhabitants of The Hague this afternoon clearly chosen their side in the debate on the role of the Royal. Tens of thousands of people stood up and Malieveld and Queen Wilhelmina spent commended, while rijtocht between her countrymen.

The journey of Wilhelmina and its endorsement following the unrest that began shortly after the signing of the armistice between England / France and Germany last week. Rotterdam called SDAP leader of a revolution. In Deventer Republican party was founded, having as an objective to put an end to the Royal.

read more: 11-11-1918 – Troelstra calls for revolution in Rotterdam

read more: 11-11-1918 – Rebellion and discontent after ceasefire in Belgium and France

In recent days, there were already signs that the royal family is still loved in our country (in contrast to Germany and Austria, where entire dynasties have resigned). But the carefully orchestrated tour this afternoon was to confirm the position of Queen Wilhelmina.

In a letter from Mayor Patijn last Sunday was concerned, all members of clubs in the city called upon to participate in full regalia at the ceremony.

"The boards on which they attend with their members wish to participate are invited for half an hour with their banners or other distinguishing marks. The bourgeoisie wants Her Majesty tribute betoogen, to this end, be in a position on the ground. I needed to stabbing the residents from tomorrow flag and wear Orange " (Letter Mayor Patijn, Haagsche Courant, 19-11-1918).

Queen Wilhelmina, Prince Henry and Princess Juliana during the demonstration on the adherence Malieveld Hague, 18-11-1918. Foto: RVD collection, Royal house

Hive of activity

According to reporters from various media were given massive response to the call of Mayor Patijn.

"It's really a great enthusiasm, to date, responded to the call. We have never had so many "Orange" as you wear today. Tens of thousands had 't present on the jacket or sheath; there were cars decorated with lanterns; orange-loving carters had the heads of the horses adorned with. It recalled the days of Juliana's birth, and it was a spontaneous protest against the attack on our royal, which in the past week in an unguarded moment by a leader, which had not in check, was taken. " (Haagsche Courant, 19-11-1918)

The army took part in this meeting. An important sign, because in recent months it has also been unsettled in some places among the conscripts.

"In tight parades, Orange-valued in the middle, and orange on the uniformly-cap or on the chest, drew commissioned officers and soldiers along the palace to the Maliebaan, Beggars songs singing, welcomes the favorable time that the country's affairs had now taken again and apparently pleased that could be shown to the bourgeoisie, the Dutch army on the whole sovereign country and is faithful as before, now and in the future!” (Haagsche Courant, 19-11-1918)

In the city people had the red, white and blue hanging outside. The trams were driving around with Orange. On the way to the Malieveld thousands of people had also swung Noordeinde Palace, where Queen Mother Emma occasionally appeared at the window.

Malieveld

Around one o'clock gathered tens of thousands of people on the Maliebaan for the highlight of the ceremony. Accompanied by a military band came a royal carriage drive up the Maliebaan, containing Queen Wilhelmina, Prince Henry and the little Princess Juliana.

"We knew minute-long ovation - we knew there no, the enthusiasm was expressed for half an hour and longer periods! And so we have an attended today. It was a cheer, a wave with hats and sputtering without again. Crouching, visibly pleased was the Queen in her carriage. She waved a hand, in token of gratitude sincere " (Haagsche Courant, 19-11-1918)

Adherence Rally on Malieveld for Queen Wilhelmina and Princess Juliana after the revolution attempt Troelstra. Princess Juliana is lifted above the crowd. Foto: Hague image library

The open carriage headed for the Federal Military Government for Faithful. As the carriage horses were disconnected. Soldiers moved the carriage further, a symbol of the way the army behind - or in this case - the Royal Family is.

Then the Queen made a tour of the Malieveld. extremely slow, because they found it difficult to come through the crowd. Along the way she was offered flowers, There were short speeches and the national anthem was used several times by the attendees.

During the round trip also showed that not only the Hague is backing to the Royal. There was a group of Friesian military volunteers her majesty what toezong Frisian songs. Also from Limburg was managing a delegation.

How many people end up and stood Malieveld is unclear. Eyewitnesses watched even people from the rooftops around the pitch towards the spectacle.

Balkonscene

After an hour the coach went with the royal trio back towards Noordeinde Palace. The crowd was in a festive mood behind and gathered hours later the palace.

mine Wilhelmina, Prince Henry and Princess Juliana appeared there again, but this time on the balcony. The trio was serenaded by the crowd and again the national anthem was used. At the invitation of the queen, the ministers on the balcony, which were also serenaded.

For almost ten o'clock, the crowd stood for Noordeinde Palace, in the hope that the Queen would show once more.

In the rest of the city there was a festive votes.

"In the coffee houses was crowded and played himself nice and cheerful scenes off between the visitors themselves. Common uses aroused joy in the street a large wagon or carriage provisions entirely occupied by soldiers who then leaped to the music of a piano, by one of the long time-recorded defensists not without merit. It was also chipped here and there fireworks. " (The Maasbode, 19-11-1918)

Only in the early hours of 19 November, the rest returned to The Hague.


Hoe ging het verder?

The journey through The Hague is the happy ending for the royal family after a troubled week. In the days following the call for a revolution there were preparations for a possible quick departure Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Thus, two suitcases were ready with jewelry and money, to Queen Mother Emma and Queen Wilhelmina help across the border, if necessary. The threat was real, For the family of Prince Henry, which was in power for years in Germany (Mecklenbrug-Schwering), deposited. At Noordeinde Palace even machine guns were positioned.

In the days following the armistice Wilhelmina consult with all stakeholders. Also abdication is not excluded.

But the queen is reassured by all statements of support in the days following the call Troelstra for a revolution coming in Noordeinde.

If the queen is a Sunday service in the church Willem, shows the great support for the Orange.

"A grand ovation Her Majesty was waiting to return to the Royal Palace Noordeinde, about 12 uur. When the royal carriage arrived a great shout was sung by a dense crowd, who had stationed for the palace and the, very enthusiastically voted chanted national songs. " (Haagsche Courant, 19-11-1918)

Then Queen Wilhelmina decides that she wants to personally meeting Malieveld, despite the advice of the Prime Minister Ruijs Beerenbrouck not to do so. Later, she would have said about this day: “I reversed a revolution”

Sources:

Theo Kemmeren – Wilhelmina, Princess of War (1914-1918)

Haagsche Courant – 19-11-1918 – The Huldebetooging for the Queen

The Maasbode – 19-11-1918 – Honoring of h.m. the Queen – Sentimental moments

 

Author: Dave Datema

published: 18-11-2018

story number: 80

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