THE HAGUE - The States-General in The Hague declared independence from the Netherlands. In the Edict of Abjuration is King Philip II of Spain renounced. It is no longer allowed to use his name and seal. The intended successor to the Spanish king, the Duke of Anjou.

Philip II of Spain

It is the first time that the revolt is directed against Philip II. Previously there was only a revolt against the Spanish soldiers and their military leaders, as Alva. In other important agreements, as the Pacification of Ghent and the Union of Utrecht was not as specific action against the Spanish king.

The Declaration of Independence was signed by representatives of Brabant, Gelderland, Zutphen, Flanders, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland, Utrecht and Mechelen.

It is not yet clear whether other countries have accepted the independence of the Netherlands.

Obligations

The States-General state that Philip II his duties as ruler has failed in recent years.

"Our country has over twenty years of chaos and wrong is abandoned by his king down. We are not treated as nationals, but as enemies, trying to overthrow their ruler violently " (Translation of Poster of Abandonment)

The placard begins with an overview of what a frost can be expected. Like a king treats his subjects as slaves, he can be seen as a tyrant. he may be sworn in this case, writes the States General.

Civil servants, judges and all those who have sworn an oath of allegiance to the Spanish king, thereof are exonerated.

"From now on, they are answerable to the States or required to swear an oath to their new special envoy. That they swear our allegiance to the Spanish king and his supporters. " (Translation of Poster of Abandonment)

History

The signing of the Declaration of Independence is a direct result of the Union of Utrecht, Two years ago. When it was agreed by several Dutch provinces that everything would be done to turn the Spanish rulers the country.

In the mid 60's dissatisfaction with the policy of Philip II policy was increasing. Especially the persecution of Protestants, the Dutch long been an eyesore. The introduction of a VAT system, the Tenth Penny, caused much unrest.

An attempt by Dutch nobles for a softer policy backfired. The revolt against Spanish rule began in 1568 with invasion of William of Orange in Groningen.

Frank Duke of Anjou

The freedom struggle had a turn with the invasion of the Beggars in Brielle 1572. A few months later held the First Free State Assembly in Dordrecht. Several cities sided with rebel leader from Orange.

Then came the Pacification of Ghent, and two years later the Union of Utrecht.

new prince

The edict said that the Land Council provisionally recognized as head of state. It is generally believed that the French Anjou, the younger brother of King Henry III of France.

William of Orange had proposed to appoint the Duke of Anjou as sovereign prince. Hope Van Oranje was thus that France will choose the side of the Netherlands struggle with Spain.


Hoe ging het verder?

The quest for a sovereign prince 'for the Netherlands was not successful. The Duke of Anjou kept it after a few years seen. The Earl of Leicester (with hopes of English help) if then try, but was also unsuccessful.

In 1588 but then it was decided to appoint a governor. Subsequently, the Dutch Republic was founded.

It lasted till 1648 until the independence of the Netherlands was also recognized by Spain in the Treaty of Münster.

The Edict of Abandonment is also seen as the Declaration of Independence from Netherlands. Passages therein are also reflected in eg the Declaration of Independence from 1776. These relate mainly to the right to deposit a monarch as the freedom of the citizens are not respected.

The Edict of Abandonment is now on display at the National Archives in The Hague. In January, the placard was named "The pride of Netherlands’ in verkeizing AVRO TROS.

Sources:

Wikipedia – Plackaet the Verlatinghe

Dutch committee independence – Translation of Poster of Abandonment in modern Dutch

 

Author: Dave Datema

published: 01-10-2018

story number: 14

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