HARDINXVELD-GIESSENDAM – An unprecedented revolt in Alblasserwaard a bartender cost Hardinxveld life. Also looted the homes of some sheriffs. A procession of estimated 500 People from more than ten villages withdrew Friday with drums and flags through the polder to protest against the high taxes in their eyes. It is to the extent known, the first organized revolt ever in Alblasserwaard.

Instigator of the riots is miller Gerrit Lopik from Gijbeland, a hamlet near Brandwijk.

Witnesses say he jumped at driver Cobus de Kuyper on a cart and along with five others, including his cousin, drove off. The servant of the policeman went Gijbeland. The men then went through the villages of Great Ammers, streefkerk, Bleskensgraaf and Vuilendam.

Throughout the six gave command to ring the church bells and called the assembled residents to action: "You have to make to be four hours on the Vuilendam." When asked what they were doing there, answered the men on the wagon: "You must come and you'll see what happens."

Alblasserwaard in calmer times. Foto: Wikimedia

warmongering speeches

Indeed, a few hours later a group of five hundred men and women in the Vuilendam. First they listened to witnesses as "inflammatory" speeches, after which they in procession, with drums and banners, headed, through Great Ammers to Goudriaan, Ottoland and eventually Giessenburg, Giessen-Oudekerk, Giessendam and Hardinxveld.

In the villages, the rioters left again the bells. They also threatened with violence. In the villages along the river Giessen came to looting, probably because the local agents had helped the tax collectors in carrying out their work.

Drank

The home agent Giessenburg, Anthonij of Zuijdam, was completely looted, like that of Evert van Asperen, his colleague in Giessendam. The rioters beat windows and doors broken, broke all the chests and cabinets open and kicking the furniture broken. Cornelis Brooshooft, the sheriff of Giessen-Oudkerk, could prevent its contents were short and small beaten by giving the rioters drink.

Hardinxveld sprang police Leendert van Tettenroode dance, but was the owner of Cafe 'De Prins' the prize. He was stabbed to death, reportedly by someone from Ottoland. The cause is still unclear, but presumably the landlord tried to stop the rioting farmers. The authorities speak of "murder brutally".

The enraged crowd is not split up long after the murder. But the organizers want to let the fire burn. They ask everyone to Monday to come to the inn on the Veerdam Papendrecht to sail on together to Dordrecht and there to protest against the competition in the regional tax collection that would provide additional high rates. They even between the companies made a flyer to distribute the call.

Whether it comes to that is still unclear. The sheriffs of the various villages in the Alblasserwaard have already announced to deploy the army and the militias to prevent new riots in their area.

tax Lease

How far could come? Gerrit Lopik is indeed the direct instigator of the riots, but he gets broad support. Throughout Holland there is dissatisfaction with the system of tax leasing, with the right to collect taxes in the hands of the highest bidder. Many people think that the tax farmers Rates, which already significantly intervene in these times of crisis in the household budget, handedly raising to earn as much as possible.

In the Alblasserwaard plays more. Farmers there say that after two major floods, in 1741 en 1744, and the outbreak of a serious animal disease two years ago, not a penny more to have makken. And just last month announced the tax staff Coenraad Welborn and Dirk van Andel that they include would be collecting the tax husband. The States of Holland arranged that they would get while protecting the local agent and politicians. Apparently the police of the villages along the Giessen has agreed to cooperate.

This led to unrest in June already Gijbeland and surrounding villages Brandwijk and Ottoland. They demanded that the tax farmers should never come into their villages. But the regional administration was not with them and continued unrest. Three days ago, once again the order from The Hague to explain the tax collectors no obstacle in the way. When the words Gerrit reached Lopik he broke out in anger. With the Alblasserwaard unique uproar resulted.


How it went:

The regional army and local militias are actually deployed. Then the order was quickly restored. The States of Holland then conducted an extensive and lengthy investigation into the riot. There names rolled off 84 suspects: 26 from Gijbeland, 19 from Molenaarsgraaf, 8 from Ottoland, 8 from Bleskensgraaf and Hofwegen, 7 in Brandwijk, 4 from Lower Blokland, 3 from Giessenburg, 2 from Vineyards, 2 Groot-Ammers, 1 from Goudriaan, 1 from Giessen-Oudkerk, 1 Hardinxveld and 2 with unknown living- or stay.

The trial of the suspects went fairly slow. There appeared to be many insurgents fled. Against six of them are high penalties demanded. Three would be given the death penalty and another three should be flogged and should be banned after ten years penitentiary. But to judgments it did not, since the case 1748 was suspended, because of the abolition of the hated tax lease.

Many riot the lease has not helped Worth Residents. continued tax. The States of Holland also indicated Coenraad on Welborn 28 september 1748 permission to recover the outstanding tax arrears.

This story is part of the series for the History Month 2018. The theme of this year's Uprising. In this story, the central rural Alblasserwaard, thus is not always quiet.

Sources:

A.P.B. van Meeteren, The ruys chen as Lebanon: the upheavals in Nijkerk in Bleskensgraaf 1752 (Bleskensgraaf 1998)

H.J. Rees (and the.), Unity and division. Historical sketches of Molenaarsgraaf and Fire District (Molenaarsgraaf 1994)

  1. Dekker, Holland in turmoil. Riots in 17de en 18de century (Baarn 1982)

Nationaal Archief, Archive Hof van Holland 1428-1811, access 3.03.01.01, inventory 301; 5456.3; 5457.2

 

Author: Drs. A.P.B. van Meeteren

published: 01-10-2018

story number: 210

flyer, such as is referred to in the story, which people are called to demonstrate it against the high taxes, is preserved. It is stored in the Hof van Holland of the National Archives.

Handbill with call to protest against high taxes in Alblasserwaard. Nationaal Archief

 

 

 

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